Teks-Teks Klasik Yoga dan Refleksinya bagi Pengajaran Yoga di Bali

Ni Kadek Surpi


The long history of yoga has given birth to a number of important texts that became the source of learning Yoga, at a certain time. Yoga, whose origins are derived from the Rigveda, is a mindful practice of living in which physical and mental training has evolved to become the dominant physical training method in the modern age. A number of classical yoga texts such as Yoga Vasista, Yoga Sutras Patañjali, Goraksasatakam, Gheranda Samhita, Siva Samhita and Hatha Yoga Pradipika have influenced the knowledge and practice of yoga in Bali from the fourth to sixth centuries, before yoga's popularity continued to decline during the colonial period. Yoga is not a new product that has entered the modern era, after the formation of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, but Bali has become a conservationist for the world's yoga baboons. The ancient yoga training center is located on Mount Watukaru, so the yoga tradition is called Ancient Balinese Yoga, the Watukaru Tradition. Although there is no specific mention of the name of the text, a number of the same terminology at the relatively the same era is evidence that the influence of classical yoga texts has reached Bali at that time.

Kata Kunci

yoga classic text; history of yoga; watukaru

Teks Lengkap:



Baier, K., A, M. P., & Preisendaz, K. (2018). Yoga in Transformation. In K. Baier, M. P. A, & K. Preisendaz (Eds.), Yoga in Transformation. Vienna University Press. https://doi.org/10.14220/9783737008624

Bhavanani. (1993). The History of Yoga From Ancient To Modern Times (Vol. 14, Issue 8). http://www.icyer.com/

Bhavanani, A. B. (2016). History , philosophy , and pr actice of yoga. In S. T. Sat Bir Singh Khalsa, Lorenzo Cohen, Timothy B. McCall (Ed.), The Principles and Practice of Yoga in Health Care (Issue February). Handspring Pub Ltd,.

de Michelis, E. (2006). The History of Modern Yoga: Patanjali and Western Esotericism. Nova Religio, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1525/nr.2006.9.3.141

Feuerstein, G. (2013). The Yoga tradition: Its history, literature, philosophy and practice. In Bodhi Tree.

Frawley, D., & Kozak, sandra S. (2001). Yoga for Your Type. Lotus Press.

Gandhi, S., & Wolff, L. (2017). Yoga and the roots of cultural appropriation. Praxis Center, Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership Kalamazoo College.

Kumar, V. (2017). Review of ancient history of yoga. 3(5), 656–658. www.allresearchjournal.com

Prasāda, R. (1998). Patañjali Yoga Sūtras with the Commentary of Vyāsa and the gloss of Vācaspati Miśra. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Satchidananda, S. S. (1990). The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. Integral Yoga Publications.

Sitharamiah, A. (1980). Outline of history of Yoga. Bulletin of the Indian Institute of History of Medicine (Hyderabad), 10(1–4), 15–22.

Surpi, N. K. (2012). Pembumian Teologi Hindu (Brahmavidya) Di Bali (Studi Penyebutan Dan Nama Tuhan Di Berbagai Pura Di Bali).

Surpi, N. K. (2013). Upacara Agnihotra Dalam Tradisi Bali Kuno Watukaru (Kajian Sosio-Teologis).

Surpi, N. K. (2020a). Konsep Monoteisme Dalam Ṛgveda (Kajian Konsep Ketuhanan Hindu Perspektif Vedic Hermeneutic). Vidya Darśan, 2(1), 31–35.

Surpi, N. K. (2020b). Śivagrha (Prambanan Temple) as an Archetype of Hindu Theology in Nusantara (An Endeavor to Discover Hindu Theological Knowledge through Ancient Temple Heritage). Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion, 5(01). https://doi.org/10.18784/analisa.v5i1.1024

Surpi, N. K. (2021). Sejarah Yoga di Bali Studi Sejarah Yoga Tradisi Watukaru.

Surpi, N. K., Nyoman, N., Nikki, A., Gami, Ì. I. M., Untara, S., & Ketut, I. (2021). Interpretation of Symbols , Veneration and Divine Attributes in Dieng Temple Complex , Central Java. Space and Culture, 1–18.

Surpi, N. K., Nyoman, N., Nikki, A., Gami, I. M., & Untara, S. (2020). MANDALA THEORY OF ARTHAŚĀSTRA AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION TOWARDS INDONESIA ’ S GEOPOLITICS AND GEOSTRATEGY. Jurnal Penelitian Agama Hindu, 4, 179–190.

Surpi, N. K., & Purwadi, I. K. D. A. (2021). Konsep dasar literasi dalam upani ṣ ad sebagai upaya peningkatan mutu pendidikan. Jurnal Penelitian Agama Hindu, 7.

Vasavaraddi, I. (2015). Yoga : Its Origin , History and Development. Public Diplomacy, 1. https://mea.gov.in/in-focus-article.htm?25096/Yoga+Its+Origin+History+and+Development

White, D. G. (2019). Yoga, Brief History of an Idea. In Yoga in Practice. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400839933-004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25078/jyk.v4i2.2547


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.

Jurnal Yoga dan Kesehatan Terindeks oleh:

Jurnal Yoga dan Kesehatan site and its metadata are licensed under CC BY-SA

Diterbitkan Oleh :

Jurusan Yoga dan Kesehatan Fakultas Brahma Widya Institut Hindu Dharma Negeri Denpasar


Editorial Office :

Jl. Kenyeri Gang Sekar Kemuda No. 2 Denpasar, Bali