The Fulfillment of Religious and Customary Rights For Persons with Disabilities in Bali

Ida Ayu Made Gayatri, Ni Kadek Juliantari


Religious rights of the Indonesian people have been regulated in the 1945 Constitution, Law No. 39 of 1999 concerning Human Rights. The Fulfillment of the Religious Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PD) has been regulated in article 14 of Law No. 8 of 2016 concerning Person with Disability. Protection and fulfillment of the rights of persons with disabilities is regulated in the Bali Regulation No. 9  of 2015 (Perda 9/2015).This study uses descriptive qualitative methods with a socio-normative approach related to the implementation of Perda 9/2015, identifying the challenges and opportunities of PD in Bali in obtaining their religious and customary rights. Identification is important to encourage the social inclusion and harmonization in life. Informants were selected by using purposive sampling involving disability organizations: Pertuni, Kube Darma Bakti, RwaBineda, Gerkatin, Bali Deaf Community, YBSH Foundation and Puspadi Bali. Data collection methods were observation, interview and literature study.The existence of Persons with Disability (PD) is the largest minority in the world and part of the diversity of Indonesian social and cultural structures. PD often experiences social exclusion, including in carrying out religious practices and beliefs. This discourse is often over looked because the stereotype of PD is identical with the socio-economic problems handled by the social service. Some obstacles in fulfilling the religious and belief rights of persons with disabilities: places of worship are not accessible, scarcity of religious teaching materials and lack of service facilities for PD, especially in various religious celebrations.

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