Patiwangi Ceremony At Village Of Sidan Gianyar Regency (Gender Education Perspective)

Ni Wayan Desi Yuliantari, I Ketut Sumadi, Ni Putu Winanti

Abstract


Hindu in Bali is never apart from ceremony. Everything they do are always relates to ceremony. Ceremony is one of the way how Balinese people stay close to the God (Tuhan Hyang Maha Esa). From thousands of ceremony in Bali, in this thesis, I am discussing further about ‘Patiwangi Ceremoney’. Although this ceremony has been banned from the government’s regulations known as DPRD dated on 1951. However, in some village in Bali there are still exists. One of them is in Village of Sidan, Gianyar regency. In deeper meaning some people thought that ‘Patiwangi’ ceremony is related to gender inequality. This is the basis of writing a thesis title ‘Patiwangi Ceremony in village of Sidan, Gianyar Regency, (Gender Education Perspective).

In this study, I am discussing 3 contributor factors. 1. How forms Patiwangi ceremony in village of Sidan District of Gianyar? 2. What is the function of Patiwangi ceremony in village of Sidan District of Gianyar? 3. What is the implication Patiwangi ceremony on gender education perspective in village of Sidan District of Gianyar?

In this thesis, four theoretical concepts are used to answer the problem. The theory of interactionism symbol which is used to analyst form of Patiwangi ceremony, Structural Functional Theory to analyst the function of Patiwangi ceremony, Behaviorism Theory and Gender Theory to analyst the implications of gender education perspective of Patiwangi ceremony. This research conducted in village of Sidan, Gianyar regency. This thesis is qualitative research, using the data collection techniques such as; observation, interviews, documentation, literature, informant determination analysis by purposive sampling and data analysis with qualitative descriptive.

From the qualitative descriptive data analysis obtained the following results, 1. Patiwangi ceremony can be explained through the married and ceremony process. Process Patiwangi marriage performed without making a proposal to the bride’s parents. This system called ‘Kawin Lari. The groom will arrange the place to meet the bride without parents’permission. From the bride's family, parents will then come to groom’s house to ascertain that their daughter actually married to the men according to the letter sent. After that the groom’s family will telling that their daughter will have the married ceremony based on a good day which is pointed by high prize in Bali called ‘Pinandita’. The proses Patiwangi ceremony will begin with ‘matur piuning’or asking permission to the God of the sun ‘Sanggah Surya’. The bride is praying in front of the temple (Sanggah Surya) while the groom is sitting on the chair waiting for her. After finish, the bride will stand up and the families of the groom will start pouring yellow rice, old Chinese money as a symbol of happiness and prosperity. The families also will throw red ‘Endong’ leafs as a symbol of purification and eliminate the evil spirit. The ceremony will end with spring of holy water to the bride by the prize (Pinandita).2).The Functions of Patiwangi ceremony, a). Purification, this can be seen from the ornaments of the Patiwangi ceremony such as; yellow rice, old Chinese money and the red ‘Endong’leafs as a symbol of the God of Brahma, which is purifying the bride from ‘Leteh, Cuntaka, and Evil Spirit. Hence, married within different kast in Bali without Patiwangi ceremony can cause unhappiness. b). Balance, this can be seen from the ceremony itself which is offered to the God as a witness in spiritual, human as a witness in unspiritual and evil spirit ( Bhuta Kala) as a witness in devil’s side. The purpose is that after married the bride and groom will get harmonization and balance in life.3). The implication of Patiwangi ceremony, a). Social implication includes changing in social status, parent’s status, and the relationship between both families and also the farewell ceremony. b). psychology implication only happen to the bride, since she is leaving the kasta that she has and followed the groom’s kasta.

As per the implication Patiwangi ceremony on gender education perspective, it will be seen on social gap such as; 1). Naming on parents from ‘Biang’ become ‘Dubiang’ and ‘Aji’ become ‘Duaji’. 2). Naming on bride from ‘Dewa Ayu’ become ‘Ayu’. 3). The relationship of the bride and parents are no longer as a biological parents, since she has been married with called ‘Nyerod’ in Balinese language.4). On the farewell ceremony, if one of the parents died, the bride is not allowed to pray if she is pregnant.


Keywords


Patiwangi Ceremony on Gender Education Perspective.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25078/ijhsrs.v3i1.786

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