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The most important yet trivial things that leads to our kids’ success is the choice of words that we use to praise them. Sound trifling indeed, however this has a great impact to how our children later perceive the world. Thanks to Professor Carol Dweck who has done many researches about what is actually behind a child success and failure. The answer goes to mindset, where Dweck categorized mindset into two; fixed and growth mindset. A simple concept but it does take huge amount of our time and effort as parents, educator to teach our kids to be a responsible, open to challenge individuals, and able to learn from mistakes and always perform the best of them. 


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Blackwell, L., Trzesniewski, K., & Dweck, C.S. 2007. Implicit theories of intelligence predict achievement across an adolescent transition: A longitudinal study and an intervention. Child Development, 78. 246-263.

Dockterman, David. Blackwell, Lisa. 2014. Growth Mindseet in Context Content and Culture Matter Too. International Center for Leadership Education.

Dweck, Carol S. 2010. Boosting Achievement with Messages that Motivate. Education Canada Vol.47 (2). Canadian Education Association

Dweck, Carol S. 2012. Mindset: How You Can Fulfil Your Potential. New York. Constable Book.

Dweck, C. 2006. Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. New York: Random House

Geiser, Traci. 2010. Praising Your Toddlers: Do’s and Don’ts. Retrieved from https://www.education.com/magazine/article/praising-toddler-donts/ on 10th February 2016

Mueller, C. & Dweck, C. 1998. Praise for intelligence can undermine children›s motivation and performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75 (1), 33-52.

Steuer, G., Rosentritt-Brunn, G., & Dresel, M. 2013. Dealing with errors in mathematics classrooms: Structure and relevance of perceived error climate. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 38 196-210

Walters, Samantha. 2015. Growth mindset: A Literature Review. TEMESCAL Assosiate.

http://www.laurelschool.org/ http://www.mindsetwork.com




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25078/aw.v2i2.963

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