KEBIJAKAN RAJA MENGENAI HARTA WARISAN KELUARGA YANG TERGOLONG KRĀNGAN PADA ZAMAN KERAJAAN BALI KUNO YANG HINDUISTIS

I Gde Semadi Astra

Sari


This article discusses one of the facets of life in ancient Balinese times, namely inheritance, espe- cially family estate belonging to krāngan (family without children/ descendants), or more precisely the king’s policy regarding the inheritance of a childless family. There are three matters concerning the king’s policy on the subject which the writer would like to answer based on the data already found, namely (a) of the principal ratios of inheritance of the family internally, (b) about the parties who have a share of the property, and (c) of the philosophical view underlying the distribution. First, the principal ratio of the division of inheritance used by the king is 1: 2 in the sense that one-thirds of the husband’s inheritance is the wife’s right and two-thirds is the right of the husband. Secondly, the inheritance part of krāngan ampung belonging to the movable property is placed on the sacred building of Hyang Api and belonging to immovable property that is placed on the holy building of Hyang Tanda. Thirdly, the philosophical foundation underlying the king’s policy is that the property possessed by humans in general is as a “borrowing item” that should not be taken to another world.

Kata Kunci


inscription data;krāngan;principal ratio;philosophical foundation

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Referensi


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