KEUTAMAAN WANITA DALAM UTTARA KANDA (Perspektif Teologi Hindu)

Nik Hita Pundarie

Abstract


Uttara Kanda's text is one part of the Ramayana epic, the seventh kanda. Text Uttara Kanda by Rsi Walmiki is a text that tells the story of Rama to save Sita who was kidnapped byRavana in Ramayana book by Kamala Subramaniam which has been translated into Indonesian by I Gede Sanjaya in 2004. In Uttara Kanda told Rama who managed to bring back Sita to Ayodhya Pura but because Rama heard the gossip of the residents who doubt the sanctity of Sita, then Rama throw Sita into the walmiki hermitage. Related to the description, then the problems discussed in this research are 1). How is female virtue in Uttara Kanda? 2). How Women's Role in Uttara Kanda? 3). How Does Hindu Theology Mean for Female Preference in Uttara Kanda?

            The theory used in this research is Structural theory and Hermeneutic theory. Structural theory refers to the theory proposed by Teewu. Structural theory is used to dissect one problem formulation. Hermeneutics theory refers to the opinion of Jurgen Habermas, that: hermeneutical understanding is directed to the traditional context of meaning. This type of research is a qualitative study that uses literature studies and techniques of batat (reading and recording). In data analysis technique, this research use description technique, data reduction and presentation of data analysis using description method.

The discussion of the overview is discussed about the description, and the Uttara Kanda Text Synopsis. The discussion of virtue is discussed about the loyalty, sacrifice and devotion of women in Uttara Kanda. Discussions on Women's Roles are discussed about women as wives. Mother role to provide milk and provide the fetus for nine months, The role of women as Goddess as feminine aspect Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa as a companion and powerful power of power emitted by God. The meaning of Hindu theology is discussed about the meaning of purity, the meaning of honor and the meaning of fertility in Uttara Kanda, women identified with fertility because of its production and reproduction functions.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Darma, I Nyoman Putra. 2007. Wanita Bali Tempo Doeloe Perspektif Masa Kini. Denpasar: Pustaka Larasan.

Dinas Sayanacarya.2005. Atharvaveda Samhita I. Surabaya; Paramita.

Fracassi, Clotilde & Paul Urbani. 2001. Wanita. Surabaya: Paramita.

Pudja, G. 2004. Manava Dharmasastra. Surabaya: Paramita.

Pudja, Gde. Dan Tjokorda Rai Sudharta. 1977/1978. Manawa Dharmasastra (Manu Dharmasastra), atau Weda Smerti. Compendium Hukum Hindu. Jakarta: CV.Junasco.

Mas, A.A.G Raka. 2002. Menjadi Orang Tua Muda & Berguna. Surabaya: Paramita.

Subali, Ida Bagus. 2008. Wanita Mulia Istana Dewata. Surabaya: Paramita.

Subramaniam, Kamala. 2004. Ramayana. Surabaya: Paramita.

Sudarsana, I. K. (2016, May). Membentuk Karakter Siswa Sekolah Dasar melalui Pendidikan Alam Terbuka. In Seminar Nasional (No. ISBN : 978-602-72630-6-2, pp. 214-221). Jurusan Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Hindu Fakultas Dharma Acarya IHDN Denpasar.

Sudarsana, I. K. (2016, April). Meningkatkan Perilaku Kewirausahaan Wanita Hindu melalui Pemberian Pelatihan Upakara. In Seminar Nasional (No. ISBN : 978-602-72630-5-5, pp. 79-85). Pusat Studi Gender dan Anak LP2M IHDN Denpasar.

Sudharta, Tjokorda Rai. 2012. Slokantara, Ajaran Etika: Teks, Terjemahan dan Ulasan. Denpasar: ESBE Buku.

Tim - Pustaka Phoenix. 2001. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Media Pustaka Phoenix.

Utama, Budi. 2016. Perempuan & Kesuburan. Denpasar: Pustaka Ekspresi. Pascasarjana UNHI.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Penelitian Agama Hindu Indexed By :

 

 

Jurnal Penelitian Agama Hindu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

web
counter