DIKSANISASI PADA WARGA MAHA GOTRA PASEK SANAK SAPTA RSI DI DENPASAR (Kajian Etnopedagogi)

I Made Tisnu Wijaya

Abstract


Generally from Balinese point of view Diksa is a process to be Sulinggih. In more specific definition, Diksa is a purification to reach the level of Dwijati. Diksa among of MGPSSR's are significantly different from other Balinese clans that exists in Bali. Diksa in MGPSSR's it self has a very tight stage and must be obeyed. The stage are kind of an interesting educational pattern to be studied in depth or details.

The formulation of the problem under study : 1. How's the Diksanisasi process of Maha Gotra Pasek Sanak Sapta Rsi clan in Denpasar? 2. How's the pattern of ethnopedagogi education on the Diksanisasi process of Maha Gotra Pasek Sanak Sapta Rsi clan in Denpasar? 3. What is the implications on Diksanisasi of Maha Gotra Pasek Sanak Sapta Rsi clan in Denpasar?

The theory used to dissect the problem are: 1. Religious theori from E. Durkheim to dissect the Diksanisasi process. 2. Thorndike Behaviorism theory is used to explore the pattern of ethnopedagogi in Diksanisasi process. 3. Theory from Edward Spranger to trace the implications in the Diksanisasi process. While for data collection method used in this research is participative observation, in-depth interview, documentation and literature study. Technique of data analysis in this research is descriptive qualitative interpretative.

The results showed: (1) The Diksanisasi process consist of three stages, which is: (a) Pre-Diksa, where the person who will be Diksita should do the Ekajati process or become Pinandita, proceed to the next stage become Bhavati. (b) Diksa is the culmination of Diksanisasi activity for one full day with procession of 33 process. (c) Post Diksa with procession Ngelinggihang Veda and Apulang Lingga, Ngaturang Jauman, Meajar-Ajar and Munggah Nabe. (2) The pattern or etnopedagogi education on Diksanisasi is: (a) Guru-Sisya that is pattern of relationship between Nabe with sisya. (b) Guru Bhakti is the manner of a sisya in studied. (c) Aguron-guron are study line systems or can be expressed as an organised educational institution. (3) Implications on Diksanisasi is: (a) The implications for strengthening the attitude of sraddha and bhakti, which is the belief on basic of Pasek's implementing Diksa. It's because Pasek's believes if Bhisama from their ancestors teaches that their offspring can impose Diksa. (b) The implications for the reinforcement of Hindu ethical attitudes is focus on the Tri Kaya Parisudha consisting of manacika, wacika and kayika. (c) Implications for the strengthening of social awareness, which is the task of Pandita as guidance of the people and Diksanisasi as an tools to increase the sense of solidarity among the Pasek's


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References


Daksa, Acarya Paramananda Muni. 2014. Transformasi Esoterik Padiksan Warga Pasek Secara Ritual dan Spirittual. Denpasar: PT Pustaka Manikgeni.

Miarta, I Wayan. 2015. Diksanisasi Maha Gotra Pasek Sanak Sapta Rsi (MGPSSR) Di Bali. Disertasi (tidak diterbitkan). Denpasar: Pascasarjana IHDN.

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