EKSISTENSI WANITA DALAM MANAWA DHARMASASTRA (Perspektif Teologi Gender)

Ni Luh Gde Fitri Pramitasari

Abstract


Manawa Dharmasastra is one of the books that belong smrti or veda smṛti, namely the interpretation of the text books of revelation (veda sruti). Over all Manawa Dharmasastra is a book that discuss the laws that govern the behavior of religious life, society and the state. The regulations that are in it are still very relevant to be used as a guideline in this present life, especially regarding the laws governing the existence of a woman.

In connection with the above description, the issues discussed in this study were (1) What is the status of women in Manawa Dharmasastra? (2) How does the role of women in Manawa Dharmasastra? (3) What is the meaning contained in the existence of women in Manawa Dharmasastra? The theory used in this research is the theory of structuralism A.Teeuw. Structuralism theory is used to inspect a work of literature as a whole round and intact. Gender equilibrium theory, this theory is used to dissect the problem formulation status and role of women. According to this theory of women and men have equal footing or balance. This study also used as a hermeneutical theory supporting theory in interpreting the text of Manawa Dharmasastra, which is used to dissect the question of the meaning of existence of women. This study is a qualitative which in collecting the data, researchers used a technique literature studies, engineering studies and documents batat (reading and recording).

The results of this study is the position of women in Manawa Dharmasastra  is aligned with men, in theology Hindu Saguna Brahma it is called ardhanareswari, a woman in the Manawa Dharmasastra must be respected, women in Hindu law is said to be Pṛthivī. The role of women in Manawa Dharmasastra is as a wife and as a mother. And there are three main meanings in the existence of women in Hindu law, namely (1) Meaning Equality, (2) The meaning of harmony, (3) Meaning of Allegiance.


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