A LITERARY ANALYSIS ON FIGURE OF SPEECH IN KAKAWIN NITISASTRA

Ida Bagus Arya Lawa Manuaba, I Nyoman Sudirman

Sari


Kakawin Nitisastra, one of ancient Javanese scriptures, holds a lot of figurative
writings in it. Revelation and analysis of those figurative language are important to enrich
Indonesian literary culture and introduce it to character education in present days. The aims
of this study are (1) to identify types of figure of speech used in Kakawin Nitisastra, (2) to
identify functions of those figurative speech, and (3) to reveal the meanings behind them. By
applying literature-based qualitative method, the result of this study reveals that Kakawin
Nitisastra contains mostly similes, symbolism, allegory, hyperboles, and personifications
related to animals, plants and ancient beliefs in the Vedas. The figures of speech have at least
four functions namely to give examples, to compare qualities, to criticize, and to remind
readers about proper deeds in the society.


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