SURA MAGADHA: PATRIOTISM AND NATIONALISM OF BANJAR PEOPLE IN THE 1868 BANJAR WAR

Ida Bagus Wika Krishna

Abstract


This article discusses the conflict between the people of North Bali and Dutch colonialism, especially in Banjar Village, which was known as the Banjar War which took place in 1868. The Balinese resistance war that broke out in various areas became known as puputan, which is a dictionary that means to finish and refers to the meaning that in war, self-respect must include everything, including body and soul. The main cause of this opposition started when the Dutch lowered and replaced the Banjar retainer Ida Made Rai. This research was conducted using historical methods, including heuristics, criticism, synthesis, and historiography. The results of this study found that the resistance was motivated by Dutch politics and intervention to colonize the total area of Bali, especially Buleleng and Banjar Villages. This decision has a logical crisis from the critical attitude of the Banjar people with the crisis at that time. The uniqueness of this prohibition is the critical attitude and methods of clashing as the last resort in their war which gave birth to the ideology of Sura Magadha.

 


Keywords


Sura Magadha, The War at Banjar on 1868, Resistance

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25078/ijhsrs.v5i1.1990

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